Science News Roundup: Chile’s ALMA seeks to double capacity in a decade after slow reopening; Scientists Make Way for Genetically Modified Tomatoes as a Vegan Source of Vitamin D and More

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Here is a summary of current scientific news.

Chile’s ALMA seeks to double capacity in a decade after slow reopening

Now that Chile’s ALMA observatory is operating at full capacity after the COVID-19 pandemic caused its first shutdown, its director hopes to double its ability to better understand black holes. “We are looking to improve ALMA’s capabilities over the next 10 years,” said Sean Dougherty, ALMA’s director.

Scientists make way for genetically modified tomatoes as a vegan source of vitamin D

If British scientists are successful, two medium-sized tomatoes a day could keep the doctor away. A research team led by scientists at the John Innes Center in Norwich has altered the genetic makeup of tomatoes to make them a solid source of vitamin D, which regulates nutrients like calcium that are imperative for keeping bones, teeth and muscles healthy. healthy muscles.

Climate change has increased the risks of recent killer heat in India and Pakistan, scientists say

The deadly heat wave in South Asia in March and April has been made 30 times more likely due to climate change, scientists reported on Monday. As temperatures in April reached nearly 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit) in parts of northern India and Pakistan, at least 90 people died of heat-related causes, officials said. The heatwave, which produced record high temperatures in India in March, also severely damaged the country’s winter wheat crop.

Ancient ‘Dragon of Death’ Flying Reptile Unearthed in Argentina

Argentinian scientists have discovered a new species of a huge flying reptile dubbed ‘the dragon of death’ that lived 86 million years ago alongside dinosaurs, in a discovery that gives new insight into a predator whose the body was as long as a yellow school bus. The new specimen of an ancient flying reptile, or pterosaur, was around 9 meters long and researchers say it preceded birds as among the first creatures on Earth to use wings to hunt prey in the prehistoric skies.

Climate action on CO2 emissions alone will not prevent extreme warming – study

To control climate change, the world must go beyond cutting carbon dioxide emissions and reduce lesser-known pollutants such as nitrous oxide that play a key role in global warming, new research has found. Decades of global climate discussions have focused on CO2 emissions, which are most abundant in the atmosphere. The common goal of achieving “net zero” emissions most often refers to CO2 emissions alone.

Omicron’s infectious breakthroughs can spare young hearts; no need to delay mammograms after vaccination

Here is a summary of some recent studies on COVID-19. They include research that deserves further study to corroborate the findings and that has not yet been certified by peer review. Omicron’s infectious breakthroughs could spare young hearts

(With agency contributions.)

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